The history of Ireland dates back to 600 BC when Celtic people settled in the area. Norse tribes invaded the island frequently until 1014. The British invaded and took over in the 12th century. Ireland was ruled by Britain until 1921 when they were given their independence. Part of the area remained under their control, but the country was fully restored in 1973 as a single country. A small portion of the country still remains under British control.
Ireland is an island country located in Europe, west of England, and situated in the Atlantic Ocean. It has a total area of 70,280 square kilometers, with 69,000 square feet of the area being land. Ireland has approximately 1,500 kilometers of coastline and 360 kilometers of land boundaries. The terrain is fairly flat, with only a few small hills and mountains. It has a humid climate with a consistently mild temperature. Natural resources in the area include zinc, silver, limestone, and peat.
People in Ireland
As of 2008, the population of Ireland was 4,156, 119, with a higher ratio of men to women. The largest population of people on the island are 15 to 64 years of age, followed by a relatively high percentage of children under the age of 14, and a small population older than 65. In 2008, the median age was 34.6 and the country had a relatively low birth and death rate. Until the age of 64, men continually outnumber women on the island. As men have a shorter life expectancy, the number of females rises after 65. Women are estimated to live to an average of 80 years, while men reach just past the age of 75.
Ireland is a republic country, practicing a parliamentary form of Democracy. The capital is Dublin and the country practices daylight savings time. The country is comprised of 26 counties and celebrates their national holiday on March 17, which is Saint Patrick’s Day. Residents are able to vote upon their 18th birthday and they have both a chief of state and a head of government. They hold elections every seven years, with winners chosen by the popular vote. The Senate and House of Representatives hold legislative power and their elections are held every five years. The judicial branch is controlled by the Supreme Court, with the president appointing the judges.
Economy in Ireland
The economy in Ireland is dependent on services and industry. As of 2002, they’ve relied on the euro system for monetary transactions. They have over 2 million people currently working, with the largest population working in services and a smaller percentage working in industry or agriculture. The unemployment rate in the country is just over 6%. Their annual budget is just over 94 billion dollars and their expenditures are slightly higher. They export a number of products including machinery, chemicals, and pharmaceuticals, with the UK being their biggest export partner and the US following closely behind. The country also imports a high number of goods from the UK.
Communications in Ireland
The country has over 2 million telephone lines and nearly 5 million cellular phone users as of 2007. Shortwave, AM, and FM radio all exist and there are 4 major broadcast television stations. The country also boasts almost 2 million Internet users.
Transportation in Ireland
Ireland has 34 airports, over 3200 kilometers of railways, and nearly 100,000 kilometers of roadways. They also have three major cargo ports for shipping containers.
Military in Ireland
Ireland has the Army and the Irish Defense Forces. Citizens can join the military once they reach the age of 16, but must enlist before they turn 26. There are currently nearly an equal percentage of men and women enlisted in all branches of the military.